2020 Mississippi Coastal Cleanup Program Summary
This year has exemplified what it means to be adaptable in uncertain situations. From a global pandemic to a record year for hurricanes, there were many reasons to remain idle. However, the volunteers and employees associated with the Mississippi Coastal Cleanup Program wouldn’t let the stress of 2020 keep them from removing marine debris from the environment.
Marine debris is defined as any manmade material that is intentionally or unintentionally, directly or indirectly disposed of or abandoned into our marine environment, according to the NOAA Marine Debris Program. Marine debris includes everyday items we toss in the trash (food wrappers, product packaging, beverage bottles, etc.); litter on sidewalks, parking lots, and streets that is washed or blown away by gulf winds; and even larger objects, such as fishing nets, construction materials, and derelict boats.
Unsurprisingly, single-use plastic items were the most common materials collected during Mississippi Coastal Cleanup Program activities. Some of the commonly found trash items included cigarette butts, food wrappers, plastic beverage bottles, and plastic bottle caps. These materials can be extremely harmful to wildlife on land, in the air, and in water. Among other impacts, these items can break up into smaller pieces that wildlife can mistake for food, leading to the introduction of plastic into the food web.
The Mississippi Coastal Cleanup Program’s mission is to prevent and remove litter from the coastal environment through education, outreach, research, and cleanup events. In addition to the large-scale cleanups, the Mississippi Coastal Cleanup Program organizes monthly small-scale beach cleanups, citizen science microplastic monitoring, school group presentations, and educational booths at multiple events throughout the year.
Mardi Gras is one of the South’s most anticipated traditions, with costumes, beads, parades, and balls. The Mississippi Gulf Coast comes alive with festivities. Unfortunately, these celebrations leave behind large amounts of trash that takes days to pick up. Debris that is left in streets and on sidewalks can be blown or washed into storm drains, causing blockages that increase flooding, or into the local environment, creating a hazard to wildlife. City and cleanup crews take to the streets to pick up what is left behind, but the volume of single-use plastics and debris can be daunting.
In an effort to spread awareness and promote a low-waste celebration, the Mississippi Coastal Cleanup Program and Plastic Free Gulf Coast partnered to have the first-ever Cleanup Krewe float in the Gulf Coast Carnival Association Mardi Gras parade in Biloxi on February 25, 2020. Our goal was to promote mindful, low-waste partying and start a conversation about how our actions affect the environment around us.
Volunteers walked with the float, which was decorated with trash items, and picked up debris as they went. Cleanup Krewe members also interacted with parade attendees, asking them to put the trash at their feet into buckets. All the collected trash was tossed onto the float, bagged, and later separated and counted. Volunteers picked up nearly 3 tons of trash, including 5,406 pounds of beads! All of the beads were donated to be recycled for future Mardi Gras events.
Cleanup Krewe volunteers included caring community members and members of various organizations, such as the Audubon Mississippi Coastal Bird Stewardship Program, Mississippi Aquarium, Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College–Harrison County Science Club, Mississippi Institute of Dolphin Science, Mississippi Master Naturalists, Mississippin’ Challenge, Coastal Conservation and Restoration Program, City of Biloxi, Biloxi Library, and Coastal Mississippi. The Cleanup Krewe’s goal to promote a fun Mardi Gras with a low waste twist was a complete success. We hope to keep spreading awareness that Mardi Gras can be fun and clean.
Adapting in 2020
The Mississippi Coastal Cleanup Program (MSCCP) began a Request-a-Bin initiative that encourages volunteers to request supplies to conduct their very own cleanup events. The supply bins included trash bags, gloves of various sizes, hand sanitizer, first aid kits, buckets, trash grabbers, and data collection materials (data cards and clipboards). More than 230 volunteers participated in this initiative in 2020, removing about 7,856 pounds of trash and debris from the environment, while following COVID-19 guidelines.
On the virtual side of things, the team used Zoom to give educational presentations on topics such as sustainable floristry design practices, preventing marine debris with Student Naturalists, and microplastic citizen science for teachers. We would love to bring awareness to your class or organization about preventing marine debris. Please reach out to us at any time of the year for a chat!
Following the success of the Request-a-Bin initiative, the MSCCP continued on with the cleanup event that has taken place every year for the past 32 years—but with a twist. Instead of holding the event on one day, we extended it throughout the entire month of October, bringing 640 volunteers to our beaches and waterways, being sure to follow COVID-19 guidelines. We provided supplies, buckets, and trash grabbers all month to groups of volunteers, who were able to pick up their supplies when and where they cleaned.
Volunteers filled more than 290 bags of trash, resulting in 4,654 pounds of trash removed. Additionally, the 640 volunteers helped collect data that will be used to categorize the major sources of marine debris entering the coastal environment. At the end of the month, we held a raffle for volunteers. Two winners from each of the coastal counties received either a kayak or a goody bag containing reusable, everyday items.
We would like to extend our sincerest gratitude to county coordinators Letha Boudreaux, Jessi James, and Mandy Sartain, who helped coordinate the volunteers for this event. A special thanks to the Pascagoula River Audubon Center in Moss Point and St. Stanislaus College in Bay St. Louis for helping hand out supplies to volunteers.
Mississippi Inland Cleanup Program
The Mississippi Inland Cleanup Program (MSICP) is an expansion of the Mississippi Coastal Cleanup Program. This new educational and cleanup program will extend the efforts of the coastal program by providing outreach to remove litter from inland communities. The inland cleanup program ultimately aims to provide its educational services across 21 southeastern Mississippi counties. Despite this year’s many challenges, four Mississippi counties safely hosted community cleanups that removed more than 12,500 pounds of litter.
The Mississippi Inland Cleanup Program will add a sub-program to next year’s initiatives, called Adopt-a-Campground. Through conversations with community partners, campgrounds have been identified as prime locations for some of the first MSICP activities. Locals and tourists alike enjoy exploring the abundant natural resources throughout Mississippi, and campgrounds often serve as the primary entrance for some of the most picturesque landscapes throughout the state. Their close proximity to natural areas, often water bodies, and number of visitors make campgrounds a perfect location to promote conservation—however, they are also a major source of litter.
Are you interested in preserving our natural resources as an individual, group, or organization? Consider adopting your local campground! More information on this program and how to get involved with other local litter prevention and removal programs can be found here!
Derelict Crab Trap Program
In January 2019, a collaborative effort began among the Mississippi State University Extension Service, Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant, Mississippi Commercial Fisheries United, and the NOAA Marine Debris Program to create a year-round derelict crab trap removal and research program in the Mississippi Sound.
Derelict crab traps are those that have been lost or abandoned by fishers. Over time, traps kill a variety of marine wildlife while becoming battered, bent, broken, and heavily fouled. Derelict traps contribute to various environmental and economic problems. Catching just one derelict crab trap can result in costly trawl repairs, damaged boat propellers, and even decreased catch.
As commercial shrimpers en-rolled in the Derelict Trap Reward Program encounter derelict traps at sea, they remove entangled traps from their trawls and deposit them at designated harbors. The program currently has about 40 active participants, and the project team continuously recruits new shrimpers. This year, they have removed about 1,000 traps with an estimated weight of 10,000 pounds from the Mississippi Sound and surrounding waters. Since the program began, nearly 2,300 traps have been removed from the waters and most have been recycled.
In addition to the Derelict Trap Reward Program, a subset of participating shrimpers was selected to collect additional marine debris data (i.e., photos and logbook documentation of every marine debris occurrence) that will be used to improve our understanding of the distribution and economic impact of marine debris on the commercial shrimping industry. This data collection took place during the 2020 shrimping season (June to December). The 2020 data indicates that shrimpers lose an average of 26 minutes and 21 pounds of shrimp per tow due to encounters with marine debris. The results of this incentive program and data collection will help create cleaner, more profitable coastal waters.
You can find more information about this program here.
Check out these informational videos about the Derelict Crab Trap Program!
Barrier Island Monitoring
About 11 miles offshore and running parallel to the Mississippi coast are barrier islands that protect the coastline, marshes, seagrass beds, and our coastal communities from high-energy wave action from storms. Unfortunately, these islands are prone to accumulating large amounts of debris swept to their shores by such storm activity.
In an effort to document the debris, EPA has funded marine debris monitoring on the barrier islands since 2018. Each season, the team removes marine debris from 300 meters of Dauphin, Petite Bois, and Horn Islands to calculate accumulation rates of mariane debris. The marine debris found is categorized by type, counted, and weighed.
Items such as shoes, tires, and single-use plastics are found regularly, but the most commonly found item is unidentifiable foam pieces. During 2020, the MSCCP team removed more than 400 pounds of trash from the islands.
Upcoming in 2021
Even with so much uncertainty about the future, there is something that you can be sure of—we will continue to provide resources to the community during the coming year. The Monthly Beach Cleanups resumed in January and follow the most up-to-date MSU Extension COVID-19 guidelines. We will also provide supplies to any individuals or groups of volunteers interested in doing their own cleanup through the Request-a-Bin initiative.
If you are interested in having one of our marine debris experts give a virtual talk to your organization or class, please reach out to our program coordinator, Mandy Sartain, at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Monthly Cleanups January to September
Earth Day April 24
Kayak Cleanup TBD
World Oceans June 12
Star-Spangled Cleanup July 5–11
Annual Mississippi October 16
These dates are subject to change.
For more information, such as locations
and times, please visit MSCCP online.
Let’s See the Data
Table 1. Marine debris collected through Mississippi Coastal Cleanup Program activities during 2020.
Number of trash bags filled 460
Weight of trash collected (pounds) 28,168
Distance cleaned (miles) 32
Number of volunteers 1,039
COMMONLY FOUND ITEMS Total #
Cigarette butts 10,653
Food wrappers 3,091
Take-out containers (plastic) 455
Take-out containers (foam) 717
Bottle caps (plastic) 2,784
Bottle caps (metal) 995
Lids (plastic) 815
Forks, knives, and spoons 1,463
COMMONLY FOUND ITEMS TOTAL #
Beverage bottles (plastic) 2,924
Beverage bottles (glass) 841
Beverage cans 1,594
Grocery bags (plastic) 1,641
Other plastic bags 831
Paper bags 332
Cups and plates (paper) 453
Cups and plates (plastic) 763
Cups and plates (foam) 717
PACKAGING MATERIALS TOTAL #
6-pack holders 38
Strapping bands 357
Tobacco packaging/wrap 479
Other plastic/foam packaging 740
Other plastic bottles (oil, bleach, etc.) 428
FISHING GEAR TOTAL #
Fishing buoys, pots, and traps 1,154
Fishing net and pieces 197
Fishing line (1 yard = 1 piece) 147
Rope (1 yard = 1 piece) 103
TINY TRASH TOTAL #
Foam pieces 1,969
Glass pieces 1,056
Plastic pieces 5,413
PERSONAL HYGIENE TOTAL #
Tampons/tampon applicators 12
OTHER TRASH TOTAL #
Appliances (refrigerators, washers, etc.) 9
Cigar tips 1,366
Cigarette lighters 170
Construction materials 663
Large trash 1,347
We Appreciate YOU
Thank you for adapting with us.
The Mississippi Coastal Cleanup Program would not be possible without the support of our sponsors. We would like to thank and recognize Chevron Pascagoula Refinery, Waste Management, Mississippi Department of Marine Resources, Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality, Harrison County Beautification Commission, Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant Consortium, NOAA, EPA Gulf of Mexico Program, Keep Mississippi Beautiful, The Shed Barbeque & Blues Joint, and Ocean Conservancy.
The Cleanup Team
Dr. Eric Sparks
Contact Eric at email@example.com
Contact Mandy at firstname.lastname@example.org
Contact Jessi at email@example.com
Derelict Crab Trap Coordinators
Contact Alyssa at firstname.lastname@example.org
Contact Keith at email@example.com
Publication 3588 (POD-03-21)
By Mandy Sartain, Extension Program Associate; Jessi James, Extension Associate; Alyssa Rodolfich, Extension Program Assistant; Keith Chenier, Extension Program Assistant; and Eric Sparks, PhD, Assistant Extension Professor and Director, Coastal and Marine Extension Program; and Beth Baker, PhD, Assistant Extension Professor, Wildlife, Fisheries, and Aquaculture.
Copyright 2021 by Mississippi State University. All rights reserved. This publication may be copied and distributed without alteration for nonprofit educational purposes provided that credit is given to the Mississippi State University Extension Service.
Produced by Agricultural Communications.
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