Fall fertilization of warm-season turf species (9-20-2010)
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Applying late-season fertilizer applications to warm-season turfgrasses in Mississippi (winterizing) is a controversial management practice that stems from the concerns for potential winterkill, disease promotion, and the effect on total nonstructural carbohydrates.
Some research has indicated that late-fall nitrogen fertilization increases vulnerability to winterkill and promotion of diseases. Other studies, including those conducted by Mississippi State University, have shown no direct correlation to winterkill, but instead prolongs fall color and earlier recovery in the spring.
Late fall applications of potassium are standard recommendations and practices as potassium promotes winter hardiness and disease resistance in turf. A strong healthy lawn probably can do just fine without fall fertilization, but a weak stressed lawn can still benefit from a boost in nutrients. The first official day of fall is September 23rd, so we still have several weeks of growing conditions left for most of the state.
Therefore, a fall application of a winterizing fertilizer formulated to contain lower ratios of nitrogen to potassium, and particularly with nitrogen sources that are released slowly, may be just what your lawn needs. Time the winterizing fertilizer application when temperatures begin to moderate and days begin to shorten, but before the turf goes dormant.
Regardless of time of year, lush turf growth stimulated by excessive nitrogen may be more susceptible to certain diseases and insects. Be prepared to treat accordingly with appropriate fungicides and/or insecticides. Your lawn fertilization program should be based on soil test analysis, turf use requirements, and grower expectations.
Published September 20, 2010
Dr. Wayne Wells is an Extension Professor and Turfgrass Specialist. His mailing address is Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Mail Stop 9555, Mississippi State, MS 39762. firstname.lastname@example.org