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Crop Report

Rows of peanut plants.
July 6, 2020 - Filed Under: Agriculture, Agricultural Economics, Corn, Cotton, Peanuts, Rice, Soybeans, Wheat, Forages

Cotton and corn acreage in Mississippi are more than 30% below March projections, while growers of soybeans and peanuts planted much more than initially forecasted.

Leaves of young cotton plants.
May 29, 2020 - Filed Under: Agriculture, Corn, Cotton, Rice, Soybeans

STARKVILLE, Miss. -- Row crop growers in Mississippi used a relatively dry May to make up for planting time lost earlier in the spring due to wet weather and soggy fields.

As of May 24, planting progress for the state’s four major row crops was slightly behind their five-year averages but ahead of where it was at that time in 2019.

A man wearing overalls and a baseball cap reaches down to touch a small corn stalk in a field of corn.
April 24, 2020 - Filed Under: Agriculture, Crops, Corn, Rice

Wet weather that won’t let up has resulted in a very slow start to Mississippi row crop planting, and time is running out for corn.

Green cypress tree rows in a field.
November 15, 2019 - Filed Under: Agri-tourism, Christmas Trees

Mississippians pondering ideas for a side business could consider investing in land and planting stem cuttings of Leyland and Murray cypress trees.

A combine moves through a field, pouring harvested grain into a tractor driving alongside.
October 18, 2019 - Filed Under: Agriculture, Agricultural Economics, Soybeans

Producers are tracing the mixed results they see from the 2019 Mississippi soybean harvest back to early struggles getting the crop started.

A pure white cotton boll opens on a brown stem.
October 4, 2019 - Filed Under: Agriculture, Cotton

Parts of Mississippi’s landscape are turning white, but unlike some northern areas, this coloration is caused by cotton bolls opening for harvest, not snow accumulation.

Two tractors pull harvest carts across a dusty field.
September 27, 2019 - Filed Under: Agriculture, Crops, Sweet Potatoes

Spring rains created two sweet potato crops in Mississippi, and the later-planted crop is shaping up to be better than the first as harvests get underway.

White ends on a piece of red machinery are poised in front of a row of dried, brown corn on a farm with a piece of green farm machinery in the background.
September 13, 2019 - Filed Under: Agriculture, Crops, Corn

A difficult planting season followed by heavy rains and drainage issues challenged corn producers, but growers are still expected to produce a good crop despite these tough conditions.

Two catfish with black spots and pink tails in a net.
September 6, 2019 - Filed Under: Catfish, Harvesting, Loading, and Transport, Processing

The challenges Mississippi catfish farmers face in 2019 are many, but growth of one of the state’s eight processing facilities is one positive sign for the industry.

Rows of young soybean plants sticking a foot above ground.
July 30, 2019 - Filed Under: Crops, Soybeans, Farming

The process of planting this year’s soybean crop in Mississippi has been anything but normal.

The only consistent variable has been rain, and a lot of it -- from an unusually wet winter and spring to the stormwater the state received from Hurricane Barry. Growers have done their best to plant in tight windows of time when both the clouds and the ground were dry. A long, stop-start planting season has been the result.

A small, white sign on top of a silver stake in the foreground tells what kind of cotton plants are behind it. In the background are rows of cotton plants with green leaves but not yet containing cotton blooms.
July 12, 2019 - Filed Under: Cotton

All of Mississippi’s 2019 cotton crop has emerged, but it’s off to a slow start.

Of approximately 700,000 acres of cotton planted statewide this year, 57% is rated fair or worse by the U.S. Department of Agriculture as of July 8.

Four large, ripe watermelons lie among vines in the field.
June 21, 2019 - Filed Under: Watermelon Cantaloupe and Cucumber, Watermelons

Some Mississippi watermelon producers lost crops or got a late start because of wet spring weather. But consumers should find the sweet, summer treats on shelves in time for the July 4 holiday.

Rows of young rice plants sticking several inches above ground.
June 10, 2019 - Filed Under: Crops, Rice, Farming

STONEVILLE, Miss. -- The third week of March is usually the beginning of rice planting season in Mississippi, but fields were not dry enough to hold tractors until May in most locations.

Many growers were still scrambling to get rice in the ground by early June due to unusually high rain amounts in the first quarter of 2019. While more than 90 percent of the crop had been planted as of June 3, only 74 percent had emerged, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. This is well behind the five-year average of 92 percent emerged by this date.

Two men facing each other in conversation and standing beside a tractor and equipment with a clear, blue sky overhead.
May 15, 2019 - Filed Under: Crops, Corn

Corn producers rushed to finish planting -- or replanting -- as much as sunny weather has allowed so far in May.

Rows of live green Christmas trees on the left and tree with a pre-printed tag close-up on the right.
November 16, 2018 - Filed Under: Crops, Christmas Trees

Mississippians looking for locally grown Christmas trees have several varieties to choose from but should be prepared to shop early for the best selection.

John Kushla, a Mississippi State University Extension Service specialist and research professor who specializes in agroforestry and Christmas trees, said there are several ways to test for freshness when choosing the perfect tree at a tree farm.

A man in a jacket and baseball cap kneels down to touch small, grass-like plants that cover a field.
November 9, 2018 - Filed Under: Wheat

Dry fall weather in recent years delayed wheat planting and reduced acreage significantly, but rains in 2018 are creating a different problem for wheat producers.

Erick Larson, grain crops agronomist with the Mississippi State University Extension Service, said wet soils have delayed fall harvest in some areas. Harvest of other crops is the foremost priority before effort and acreage are devoted to wheat.

Man leans over a 5-gallon bucket placed under a large mechanical unit inside a building.
November 2, 2018 - Filed Under: Commercial Fruit and Nuts, Nuts, Fruit and Nut Diseases

STARKVILLE, Miss. -- Mississippi’s pecan yields will be down from last year, but the future looks promising.

Mississippi Pecan Growers Association President Max Draughn of Raymond explained that pecan yields alternate from year to year.

A clump of light-tan peanuts hang on their freshly dug roots just above ground.
October 26, 2018 - Filed Under: Agriculture, Crops, Peanuts

An application of peanut fungicide costs $15-20 per acre, so growers are relieved when they catch a year like 2018 when disease pressure is low.

While statewide peanut acreage is down significantly from last year -- about 25,000 acres compared with 42,000 in 2017 -- the crop benefited from good growing conditions, with average yields of 2 tons per acre.

Two large, orange pumpkins grow on the vine in the foreground, with others visible in the background.
October 19, 2018 - Filed Under: Crops, Pumpkins

Summer weather allowed Mississippi pumpkin growers to have a good harvest, but there still are not enough pumpkins grown in the state to meet fall demand for this colorful crop.

A covered trailer in a field with six workers sorting sweet potatoes into large, wooden crates along the trailer’s edges.
October 12, 2018 - Filed Under: Sweet Potatoes

Mississippi sweet potato fields that missed needed rains in June and July are experiencing favorable harvest conditions in October.

Jamie Earp, president of the Mississippi Sweet Potato Council, said yields are “fair, at best” at the halfway point in the 2018 harvest season.

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