Reproduction & Incubation
Reproduction in birds is a process that functions very efficiently in the natural world, but requires careful attention if artificial incubation is practiced. A well designed incubator is essential if good hatchability is expected.
Proper care of the breeder birds and careful collection and storage of the fertile hatching eggs will dramatically improve the chances for a successful hatch. The incubation environment must also be carefully controlled throughout the incubation process.
Successful incubation of eggs by the inexperienced poultryman can be accomplished if temperature, humidity, ventilation and turning of eggs are correctly conducted. The recommendations discussed in the following publications and discussions can help the amateur or experienced hatchery person obtain excellent results.
Frequently Asked Questions
- How do I get hens to start setting on hatching eggs?
- If a chicken is hatched in an incubator, when it starts laying will it set on a nest?
- How long must roosters and hens be kept together before fertile eggs are produced?
- How long do hens produce fertile eggs after being separated from the rooster?
- Should I wash dirty hatching eggs before I incubate them?
- How long can I store fertile hatching eggs before they must be incubated?
- How do I properly fumigate to sanitize my hatching eggs and incubator?
- What are the best methods to follow for sanitizing eggs and incubators to reduce bacterial infections?
- How long does it take to hatch various species of birds?
- At what temperature must eggs be held during incubation?
- When incubating eggs, what environment conditions must I carefully control?
- Why do my chicks die in the egg after they pip or break the shell?
- How soon after hatching should I remove chicks from the incubator?
- I had a poor hatch of eggs, what did I do wrong?
- How does a chick embryo develop?
- Can I determine whether an egg has a living embryo in it earlier than the hatch date?
- What are the parts of a hatching egg and how are they formed?
- How can I make an egg incubator?
- Troubleshooting Incubation Failures consists of diagnoses for problems encountered while incubating eggs. Included with the symptoms are causes and corrective measures to take.
- Sanitation - Cleaning and Disinfectants addresses the concerns and procedures for maintaining a sanitary and low- disease environment in the hatchery and other poultry facilities.
- General Characteristics of Disinfectants is a discussion of the advantages/disadvantages of the major disinfectant groups.
BILOXI, Miss. -- Many cattle producers in Mississippi like Bobby Jones do not have access to a dedicated large-animal veterinarian.
Mississippi’s poultry took an estimated 23% loss in value in 2023; though production was strong, a failure to meet the previous year’s record high prices was responsible for the hit. Poultry generated an estimated $3.1 billion to Mississippi agriculture in 2023, down from the $3.9 billion generated in 2022.
Poultry is big business in Mississippi, and poultry producers are having to manage disease and high feed costs to produce the meat and eggs that Americans consume in great quantities. Poultry is the most consumed meat in the U.S., according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, followed by beef and then pork. Eggs are also popular, with Americans eating close to 250 eggs per person each year.
She grew up in the 4-H youth development program in Indiana, and her husband was in Ohio 4-H. Fast-forward a few years, and Inez Saum became a volunteer leader for Mississippi 4-H.
The 4-H Poultry Chain Project regularly receives generous donations from organizations across the state, but the project has never received a donation quite like Southern AgCredit’s pledge of $25,000 over 5 years.
Extension helps Okolona producer improve profitability and maintain healthy birds
Joe Ellis knew almost nothing about chickens when he began raising them for Peco Foods, Inc., in 2008.