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Vegetable Gardening in Mississippi

Cabbage

Cabbage can be green or red, smooth or curly (savoy), and have flat or pointed heads.

CabbageCabbage is grown exactly as described for broccoli in both spring and fall. When purchasing cabbage plants in spring, beware of large plants or those with stems as large as a pencil. Bundled, bare-root transplants with large, woody stems may flower without forming a head.

When growing transplants, select varieties that mature over several weeks to extend the harvest season from a single planting. Also, purchased transplants of a non-hybrid (open-pollinated) variety mature over several weeks. Use starter solution (page 9) when setting transplants in the garden.

As cabbage matures, head-splitting results from the pressure of water taken up by the plants after the heads are solid. Soft heads indicate lack of maturity.

Serious insect problems for cabbage are aphids and cabbage worms. The major diseases, black leg and black rot, are seed-borne and difficult to control except by purchasing disease-free seeds and plants.

Varieties

Red Head—hybrid; main season; red; 85 days; AAS 1971.

Rio Verde—hybrid; heads slightly flattened; strong blue-green; main season late; 85 days.

Round Dutch—open-pollinated; old, popular garden variety; most commonly sold as transplants; main season; round, green head; tolerant to cold weather; resistant to bolting; 75 days.

Ruby Ball—hybrid; very deep red; solid, round head; 5 to 6 inches across; 70 days; AAS 1972.

Savoy Ace—hybrid; savoy heads of deep green; round; 78 days; AAS 1977.