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Soybean Production in Mississippi

Vast changes have taken place in recent years in soybean production in Mississippi. Previous practices included planting maturity Groups VI and VII while planting the bulk of acreage in maturity Groups IV and V is standard practice today.

SoybeansAn Early Soybean Production System (ESPS) has become a popular practice for many Mississippi growers. In recent years, much of the soybean crop in Mississippi has been planted by the end of May, whereas in the past, over one-third was usually not planted until after June 1.

In terms of production value, soybeans are the top row crop and number three on the list of agricultural commodities in Mississippi behind poultry and forestry. Mississippi soybean growers planted an estimated 1.8 million acres in 2011 and harvested nearly 73 million bushels totaling $860 million in production value. Mississippi average soybean yields during the 1980’s were 21 bushels per acre. During the 1990’s, state average yields increased to 26 bushels per acre. Since 2000, average soybean yields in Mississippi have increased to 36 bushels per acre. The state average yield for soybean in 2011 was 41 bushels per acre which was a record high for the state.

Under current practices, two of the most important management decisions in soybean production are variety selection and planting date. There are numerous factors that affect soybean production, but variety selection and planting date set the course for determining the overall yield potential of the crop.

Current market prices for soybean are favorable. This is an indication that soybean production will remain a vital part of the agricultural industry in Mississippi.

Frequently Asked Questions

How many different maturity groups are there?
What are the recommended maturity groups for Mississippi?
Besides germination and vigor, what else may effect final plant population?
What are the recommended herbicides for soybeans?
What factors influence final plant population?
When is peak water demand reached?
What are the recommended planting dates for soybeans?
What varieties are recommended for planting in Mississippi?
When and what tillage is required for soybeans?
How important is supplemental water for soybeans?
What are some steps that can help ensure adequate soybean emergence?
What soil temperatures are required for germination?
What consideration should be given to seed treatments?
What is the most optimum row spacing for soybeans?
What factors should be considered as far as replanting is concerned?

Publications

MSUcares Soybean publications
Insect Control Guide for Agronomic Crops
Weed Control Guidelines
Mississippi Soybean Producer's Field Guide to Soybean Damage
Mississippi Soybean Variety Trials, 2013

Other Soybean Information

Mississippi Soybean Promotion Board
Asian Soybean Rust in Mississippi Soybean Rust
Maturity Date Calculator
Variety Trials
MSU Crop Variety Trials
Delta Research and Extension Center Weather/GIS Center
Weeds in Soybeans
Mississippi Soybean Promotion Board
StratSoy
United Soybean Board
Association of Seed Certifying Agencies
National Oilseed Processors Association
Midsouth Soybean Rust Monitor